Basic Photography Series: Exposure Triangle — final part

How it all comes together

This is now the last part of the series about that ominous thing called ‘Exposure Triangle’. It helps if you understand Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO to get the most out of this article, as I will not explain these concepts in detail, but talk about how they all three contribute to the common thing we are looking at here, that is the “proper exposure” of an image.

What means “properly exposed”? That is easy to say, but complex to calculate for a camera (and for humans to understand). As a human you would say an image looks “properly exposed” if it is neither too dark nor too bright. Bright and dark parts are still detailed. I write “properly exposed” in quotation marks as proper exposure for a subject might be highly subjective. …


Make some noise!

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Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

If you are as old as I am and grew up in Germany (as I did), then you would come across something called DIN, which film manufacturer used to describe how light sensitive their films were. Other countries used ASA (American Standards Association) and other, now extinct, measurements for light sensitivity of films.

ISO is the common successor, and, who would have guessed that, is a single world-wide used standard for describing … well, what exactly? That’s what I am going to explore with you in this article. You will learn about

  • what does ISO stand for
  • what is ISO measuring? …

Photography Technique: Focus Stacking

Depth of Field on Steroids for your Macro Shots

When you are doing macro photography, the benefit is you can find heaps of subjects in your garden (if you have one) or around where you live. No need to pay for a trip to Iceland or Paris or New York. Great macro opportunities are everywhere.

My guess is that you already know that if you read an article about focus stacking, so I won’t dig into what macro photography is and what you need. I assume you have a good macro lens or closeup filter or anything to get you close to your subjects.

One annoying side effect of macro photography is the very (very!) shallow depth of field. I am talking about millimeters or even less. Most subjects will not fit into an acceptable depth of field to be sharp in all the right places. If you are in a camera club and entered macro images into a competition, and the judge said something like “Nice subject, but the [insert body part of your little critter here] is not in focus, try some focus stacking next time!”, then I can help you with that. …


Take any camera and create fascinating multilayered 360 degree images

When I am walking in the nearby park at lunchtime, I am always searching for ways to create new images from ordinary objects. When there are no sweeping landscapes and grand architecture to point your camera at, you have to be more resourceful to create unusual images. When I looked at this tree here (the one in the middle),

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An ordinary tree in the Hagley Park, Christchurch

Photography: Club Photography

Let’s clear up some confusion, shall we?

When I joined a photo club several years ago, I didn’t know how clubs are organized in New Zealand (where I live) or anywhere in the world.

New Zealand

I slowly got an understanding that we have local clubs, regions (which is a more geographic boundary than a legal entity), and a national society. In New Zealand, that is the Photographic Society of New Zealand (PSNZ). But there is also a distinction between photographers and professional photographers. Professional photographers have additional (also paid) access to another national body, which caters for the needs of professional photographers only (NZIPP).

Have a look at this highly sophisticated illustration, that might…

Photography Series: Techniques

That sounds dangerous!

Our local photo club had a field trip to the beach last week. We are lucky to live close by; it is only 1km from the club rooms we normally use for our meetings. The images we were about to create were not the typical beach images. No waves or beautiful landscapes. No marine wildlife. It was pitch dark. We weren’t doing Astro-Photography either. We were searching for a safe spot to burn things and create images like this:

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One good reason to join a photo club is to learn from other club members who know more about some parts of photography than you. I knew only a little about light painting with light tubes or burning steel wool, but we have someone in the club who did it many times before and knows what he is doing. So he organized a field trip for us all to try it out and to teach us how it works. …

Basic Photography Series: Exposure Triangle Part II

Explore the camera shutter speed and effects like silky water or disappearing tourists

Let’s have a look at the second part of the “exposure triangle” to get some more photography foundation laid: Shutter Speed. We already learned about Aperture in Part I of the series:

Part III will be an upcoming article about ISO, and then we have all parts together.

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So, let’s talk about shutter speed. It is easy to learn, as we don’t have any unexpected side effects when controlling the shutter speed. As you may remember, the aperture had the Depth of Field (DoF) side effect, and ISO has image noise as a side effect. …

Photography: Photo Club Life

The Good, the Bad, and the Beautiful

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Photo by Oleg Ivanov on Unsplash

I’m a fan of photo clubs, that’s not a secret. But why should you join one as well? Let’s find out.


With interesting applications of this panorama technique

A while ago I came across this interesting photographic technique when I was exploring panoramic photography. The Brenizer method is basically a combination of two concepts into a method for producing a specific visual style:

  • Creating a shallow Depth of Field (DoF) with a wide open Aperture and a telephoto lens
  • Shooting multiple images of that shallow DoF focus plane to create a wider field of view (multi-row panorama)

The combination of these two results in an unusual visual style, as you have a panoramic-style shot, but keep shallow DoF.

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Photo by Viktor Forgacs on Unsplash

Ryan Brenizer made this technique popular for his application in wedding photography. Flickr users then eventually branded the method with his name: “Brenizer Method”. This Facebook post of Ryan is clearing up how the name and the method came into existence. …

And 12 articles online

Welcome to the Global Photo Club! You are one of now 17 subscribers to this ‘exclusive’ club of photography lovers, and I wanted to thank you for subscribing to my Newsletter. If you haven’t seen my first Newsletter, here is a link to it:

It outlined a bit of the plan I had (and still have) with the ‘Global Photo Club’.

It is going well so far. There are now 12 articles online, and I already covered some ground of basics in Photography. And I had some special topics for Photo Club Members.

It is people like you who verify that what I am writing is useful (and hopefully entertaining) to you to some extent. Most of the articles have been curated in the ‘Photography’ topic. They are visible on the platform. And Medium surprised me by telling me I am now in the list of ‘Top Writers’ for the topic ( So I must do something right. …


Frithjof Moritzen

Photographer, Digital Artist, Photography Club Enthusiast

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